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Obstetrics, Gynecology & Gynecologic Subspecialties

Women Who "Groom" – Major Media Coverage

Wednesday, June 29, 2016 - 9:15am

by Elizabeth Fernandez
Source: UCSF News Services

Researchers See Widespread Trend Toward Trimming Pubic Hair

More women these days are grooming their pubic hair, especially younger women, but the practice poses some risks, most often related to shaving injuries.

New research by UC San Francisco into the intimate grooming practices of women in the United States found that tidying of pubic hair is an increasingly prevalent trend, especially among younger, white and more educated women. A total of 3,316 women, ages 18-65, participated in the study, and nearly 84 percent reported that they groomed.

“This novel data source reflects just how prevalent is the practice of personal grooming,” said senior author Benjamin Breyer, MD, an associate professor in the UCSF Department of Urology and of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. “We believe grooming practices are also associated with personal injury and potentially sexually transmitted infection. We’re analyzing these associations in the hope of finding risk factors that can be modified such as instrument use.”

The study, believed to be the first to focus on the trend in a nationally representative sample, was unique in assessing the role of the partner in grooming: a woman was far more likely to groom based on her partner’s preference, the researchers found. Additionally, the researchers learned that women groom for social events, including sex and vacations, but also when visiting a health care professional.

“Our study is important for health care professionals because grooming behaviors reflect cultural norms and it shows that women have diverse motivations that are not universal,” Breyer said.

The study will be published June 29, 2016 in JAMA Dermatology.

Breyer’s previous research has shown that waxing, shaving or clipping pubic hair can raise the risk of genitourinary injuries, the most common being lacerations, with some resulting in emergency department visits.

“The prevalence of pubic hair grooming in women is substantial in the 21st century,” said lead author Tami Rowen, MD, an assistant professor in the UCSF department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences and faculty provider in the division of Gynecology.

“What is most apparent from the study is that women are grooming based on numerous external pressures that have likely increased over the last decade,” she said.

The researchers found striking demographic differences in the study, which was conducted in January 2013. Younger women are more likely to groom, especially compared to women above age 55. Also, women with some college education or a bachelor’s degree were more likely to groom. Race was also associated with grooming: compared to white women, all other racial groups reported less grooming.

The researchers found no association between grooming and income or where groomers lived. Women who were widowed, separated, or single were less likely to groom, but there was no difference in the percentage of married women who reported grooming.

Other highlights included:

  • Nearly 52 percent of female groomers were married compared to 21 percent who had never married and 8.5 percent who were living with a partner;
  • Some 35 percent of groomers live in the south compared to 24.5 percent in the midwest, 21 percent in the west and nearly 19 percent in the northeast;
  • Nonelectric razors were the choice for 61 percent of groomers, while scissors were used by 17.5 percent and electric razors were used by 12 percent. Just 0.7 percent of groomers used laser hair methods and 0.1 percent used electrolysis;
  • Women reported that grooming made them feel “hygienic or cleaner” (59 percent); was part of their routine (45.5 percent); made their “vagina look nicer” (31.5 percent); or made oral sex easier (19.6 percent);
  • Nearly 93 percent of women reported doing the grooming themselves, and 62 percent said they had removed all pubic hair at least once.

Study co-authors are Thomas Gather, BS, a UCSF medical student; Mohannad Awad, MD, a UCSF resident physician; E. Charles Osterberg, MD, a UCSF clinical instructor of urology; and Alan Shindel, MD, a UCSF volunteer associate clinical professor.


The study was supported in part by the National Institutes of Health grant K12 DK083021. Shindel reported being an employee of Genomic Health.

Additional Coverage of this story:

New York Times:
http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/06/29/most-women-prefer-to-go-bare-ci...

Chicago Tribune:
http://www.chicagotribune.com/lifestyles/stevens/ct-most-women-groom-pub...

Mother Jones:
http://www.motherjones.com/media/2016/06/brazilian-waxing-common-study-j...

Examiner.com:
http://www.examiner.com/article/revealing-study-of-female-pubic-hair-tri...

LiveScience:
http://www.livescience.com/55227-trends-pubic-hair-grooming.html

Inverse:
https://www.inverse.com/article/17672-american-women-are-removing-all-of...

Vocativ:
http://www.vocativ.com/334842/pubic-hair-grooming/

Glamour:
http://www.glamour.com/story/women-pubic-hair-habits-study

Medical Daily:
http://www.medicaldaily.com/pubic-hair-down-there-feminine-hygiene-young...

Daily Mail (England):
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3666588/More-women-grooming-se...

Health.com:
http://www.health.com/sexual-health/pubic-hair-grooming

New York Magazine:
http://nymag.com/thecut/2016/06/pubic-hair-grooming-trends-study.html

Reuters:
http://kfgo.com/news/articles/2016/jun/29/us-women-groom-their-pubic-hai...